Internet Links for IGG

Plant Databases

SANBI’s PlantZAfrica gives popular information on southern African plants including many Pelargoniums and related topics: http://pza.sanbi.org/.

iNaturalist is an open citizen science project to identify photos of  biodiversity by connecting a community of over a million scientists and naturalists. It contains over 22,000 observations of Pelargoniums and 2,200 Geraniums and is a joint initiative by the California Academy of Sciences and National Geographic Society with SANBI is a partner: https://www.inaturalist.org/.

SANBI’s Red List of South African Plants provides the national conservation status of indigenous plants: http://redlist.sanbi.org/index.php.

SANBI’s NewPOSA provides access to over 1.6 million records of South African specimens including herbaria in Pretoria (PRE), Cape Town (NBG & SAM) and Durban (NH): http://newposa.sanbi.org/.

Index Herbariorum lists herbarium abbreviations following Thiers, B. (2018) and is a global directory of herbaria and their staff, hosted by the New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/.

JSTOR Global Plants is a growing collection of digitized herbarium type specimens and related materials (partner institutional membership required): https://www.plants.jstor.org/.

IPNI – International Plant Names Index aims to list all validly-published plant names and is a collaboration between Kew, Harvard and the Australian National Herbarium. It also contains standard abbreviations for author names following guidelines in Brummitt & Powell (1992) and for book & periodical names: https://www.ipni.org/.

POWO – Plants of the World Online, launched by Kew and their collaborators, lists accepted plant names and their synonyms, built upon Govaerts, R. (1995) World Checklist of Seed Plants: http://powo.science.kew.org/.

Literature Databases

BHL – Biodiversity Heritage Library portal provides open digital library access to older botanical literature. Many IPNI plant names provide direct links to their page of first description: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/.

JSTOR online digital library portal, part of the ITHAKA not-for-profit organization, helps the academic community access rights-cleared journal articles, books and primary sources: https://www.jstor.org/.

The International Code of Nomenclature (ICN – Shenzhen Code) is the set of rules and recommendations that govern the scientific Latin naming of plants in nature: https://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php.

The International Code for the Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP): https://www.ishs.org/scripta-horticulturae/international-code-nomenclature-cultivated-plants-ninth-edition.

A botanical glossary: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_botanical_terms.

Comprehensive taxonomic glossary: Hawksworth, D.L. (2010) Terms Used in Bionomenclature, Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF): http://www.gbif.org/document/80577.

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

Google Earth is a computer app that maps the Earth by superimposing satellite images, aerial photography and GIS data onto a 3D globe, allowing users to see landscapes from various angles and contains a detailed gazetteer: https://earth.google.com/. This data is also viewable via a web browser and the Google Maps Satellite layer.

CapeFarmMapper is a mapping app that was developed by the SA Western Cape Department of Agriculture to provide access to a wide variety of agricultural and natural resource spatial data sets e.g. climate, geology, topography: http://gis.elsenburg.com/apps/cfm/.

Very detailed 1:50,000 old topographic maps of South Africa are freely available from http://www.madmappers.com/browse.php?TY=R&CO=za but need a special GIS viewer (also free) e.g. DIVA-GIS: https://www.diva-gis.org/ or Extensis (formerly LizardTech) GeoViewer: https://www.extensis.com/geoviewer-pro.

South African vegetation map: http://bgis.sanbi.org/vegmap, register & see: 2018 Vegetation Map.